2. Poor Civilian Employment and Educational Opportunities (Poor Outside Options)

As shown by the literature absence of educational or labor opportunities, (or as some scholars call it “poor” outside options) significantly increases the probability of children to be recruited, or simply to volunteer. Moreover, as major of the children that are involved in the military groups are coming from the low socioeconomic families; in other words, poverty makes children to consider armed forces as a relatively good alternative, as at least it will provide food and shelter.  Also in the environment of poverty, the families could support children to volunteer.

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