3. Absence of International and Domestic Penalties

In addition to governments inability to guarantee children’s right many of the states fail to prosecute and punish the responsible for the child recruitment individuals. Even though, there were two well known cases against  Thomas Lubanga in and the Liberian ex-President Charles Taylor, the practice of prosecution is relatively rare; especially,  considering the wide range of armed conflicts, and the high number of child soldiers worldwide. Indeed, the absence of punishment is commonly considered by scholars as one of the main reason for the rebellion leaders to recruit children.

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