Foot notes

1 Paris Principles and guidelines on children associated with armed forces or armed groups, February 2007.

2 Singer, P. W. (2010). The Enablers of War: Causal Factors behind the Child Soldiers Phenomenon. In Gates, S. & Reich, S. (eds) Child soldiers in the age of fractured states, (pp. 93-107). Pittsburg, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press. Retrieved from,+P.+W.+(2010).+The+Enablers+of+War:+Causal+Factors+behind+the+Child+Soldiers+Phenomenon.&ots=20KrZQhBOs&sig=eZFbvgnYqiMcrGHiCIeBDz7fyVs#v=onepage&q=Singer%2C%20P.%20W.%20(2010).%20The%20Enablers%20of%20War%3A%20Causal%20Factors%20behind%20the%20Child%20Soldiers%20Phenomenon.&f=false

3 Eisentrager, S. (2012). Exploring the Recruitment and Use of Child Soldiers. Essay. Retrieved from

4 Rosen, D. M. (2005). Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. xi, 199

5 Brocklehurst, H. (2009). Childhood in conflict: can the real child soldier please stand up? Ethics, Law and Society. Retrieved from

6 Massey, Ch. M. (2000). Child soldiers: theory and reality of their existence: the question of international protection available to them in contemporary times. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

7 Tynes, R. M. (2011). Child soldiers, armed conflicts, and tactical innovations. State University of New York at Albany. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 344.

8 Wessells, M. (2005). Child soldiers, peace education, and postconflict reconstruction for peace. Theory into Practice, 44(4), 363-369

9 Keairns, Y. (2002). The voices of girl child soldiers: Summary. New York: Quaker United Nations Office.

10 Beber, B.& Blattman, Ch. (2010). The Logic of Child Soldiering and Coercion. Unpublished working paper, Yale University

11  de Silva, H., Hobbs, C. & Hanks, H. (2001). Conscription of children in armed conflict—a form of child abuse: a study of 19 former child soldiers. Child Abuse Review 10, 125–134

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